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Gold Bars – Minted Bars versus Cast Bars

Your Guide to Minted versus Cast Gold Bars

Gold Bars - Minted Bars versus Cast Bars

Gold has been a highly sought-after precious metal for centuries, valued for its rarity, durability, and beauty. It has been used as a form of currency, a symbol of wealth and power, and a safe haven for investors during times of economic uncertainty. One of the most popular ways to invest in gold is through the purchase of gold bars. However, not all gold bars are created equal. In this article, we will explore the key differences between minted bars and cast bars, two of the most common types of gold bars, and help you understand which one may be the better choice for your investment portfolio.

What are Gold Bars?

Gold bars, also known as gold bullion or gold ingots, are rectangular blocks of pure gold that are produced by various mints and refineries around the world. They come in different sizes and weights, ranging from small 1 gram bars to large 1 kilogram bars. Gold bars are typically made from 99.99% pure gold, also known as 24-karat gold, and are stamped with the weight, purity, and the name of the mint or refinery that produced them.

Gold bars are considered a popular investment option for several reasons. They are easy to store, transport, and trade, making them a convenient choice for investors. They also offer a tangible form of investment, unlike other forms of gold investment such as gold stocks or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Additionally, gold bars are highly liquid, meaning they can be easily bought and sold in the market.

Minted Bars

Minted bars, also known as stamped or struck bars, are produced by mints using a process called minting. This involves the use of precision machinery to stamp the gold into a specific shape and size, and then imprinting the necessary information such as weight, purity, and mint name onto the bar. Minted bars are typically produced in large quantities and are available in various sizes, ranging from 1 gram to 1 kilogram.

Production Process

The production process for minted bars involves several steps. First, the gold is melted and poured into a mold to create a long, thin bar. This bar is then passed through a rolling mill to reduce its thickness and increase its length. The bar is then cut into smaller pieces, which are then stamped with the necessary information using a hydraulic press. The final step involves polishing and packaging the bars for distribution.

Advantages of Minted Bars

  • High Quality: Minted bars are produced using advanced technology and precision machinery, ensuring a high level of quality and consistency in each bar.
  • Certification: Most minted bars come with a certificate, which is a document that guarantees the weight and purity of the gold bar. This provides buyers with peace of mind and makes it easier to sell the bar in the future.
  • Easy to Authenticate: The stamping process used to produce minted bars creates a unique design and texture on the surface of the bar, making it easy to authenticate and verify its authenticity. Ogften they comes with new technology that comes in a sealed container which attempts to make it harder to fake.
  • Wide Variety: Minted bars are available in a wide range of sizes, making it easier for investors to choose the size that best fits their budget and investment goals.

Disadvantages of Minted Bars

  • Higher premiums vs coins or larger bars – Minted bars have a minting/fabrication cost built into the price over spot gold rates, creating a higher entry premium. This eats into profits if sold at spot prices.
  • Home storage: Mny people prfer to take them home and this onbviously carries risk of theft, especially for smaller unnoticable holdings. Bars may need to be discreetly hidden and secured.
  • Limited resale markets: While minted bars may have a wider dealer premium, individual coin buyers are more common than buyers seeking a minted gold bar. This limits potential selling pools. Plus when selling back to the dealer you are typically going to have to take a haircut from the international gold price you might see on your phone app or a preferred website at time of sale.
  • *Fake Minted Gold Bars: Counterfeit bars that are designed to mimic the appearance of genuine gold bars. These deceptive bars are often made from materials such as tungsten, which has a similar density and weight to gold.

*Fake minted gold bars refer to counterfeit bars that are designed to mimic the appearance of genuine gold bars. These deceptive bars are often made from materials such as tungsten, which has a similar density and weight to gold. The intention behind creating fake minted gold bars is to deceive unsuspecting buyers and capitalize on the high value of gold. These counterfeit bars can potentially cause significant financial loss to individuals or businesses who unknowingly purchase them. Therefore, it is crucial for buyers to exercise caution and thoroughly examine the authenticity of gold bars before making any transactions.

Pamp Fake Gold Bars

Pamp fake gold bars are counterfeit gold bars that are made to imitate the appearance and weight of genuine Pamp gold bars. PAMP SA is an independently operated precious metals refining and fabricating company and member of the MKS Group that is known for producing high-quality gold bars. However, counterfeiters have been able to replicate the design and packaging of Pamp gold bars, making it difficult for unsuspecting buyers to differentiate between the real and the fake ones.

These fake gold bars are typically made from cheaper metals such as tungsten and are coated with a thin layer of gold to give them a convincing appearance. It is important for buyers to be cautious when purchasing gold bars and to verify the authenticity of the product through reputable sources to avoid falling victim to such scams.

Tungsten density is similar to Gold, hard for XRF to detect the difference

Tungsten, a chemical element with a density similar to that of gold, poses a unique challenge for XRF (X-ray fluorescence) machines in terms of detection. With a density of 19.3 grams per cubic centimeter, tungsten closely matches the density of gold, which is 19.3 to 19.32 grams per cubic centimeter. This similarity in density makes it difficult for XRF machines to accurately differentiate between the two elements solely based on density.

XRF machines primarily rely on the analysis of characteristic X-ray emissions to identify and quantify elements present in a sample. However, due to the density similarity, tungsten can sometimes go undetected, leading to potential inaccuracies or false results, especially in scenarios where the presence of tungsten needs to be identified precisely. Consequently, additional testing methods or techniques such as a Fire Assay may be required to overcome this challenge and ensure accurate detection and analysis.

Cast Bars

Cast bars, also known as poured or hand-poured bars, are produced by pouring molten gold into a mold and allowing it to cool and solidify. This process is similar to the way gold jewelry is made. Cast bars are typically produced in smaller quantities and are available in various sizes, ranging from 1 gram to 1 kilogram.

Production Process

The production process for cast bars is relatively simple. First, the gold is melted in a furnace at high temperatures. Once the gold is molten, it is poured into a mold and allowed to cool and solidify. The bar is then removed from the mold and polished to give it a smooth and shiny finish.

Royal Canadian Mint Gold Processing and Minting 

Advantages of Cast Bars

  • Lower Premiums: Cast bars are often sold at a lower premium compared to minted bars, making them a more affordable option for investors.
  • Unique Appearance: As cast bars are hand-poured, each bar has a unique appearance, which may be more appealing to some investors.
  • Easy to Produce: The production process for cast bars is relatively simple and does not require advanced technology or machinery, making it easier to produce in smaller quantities.

Disadvantages of Cast Bars

  • Lower Quality: As cast bars are produced using a simpler process, they may not have the same level of quality and consistency as minted bars.
  • Difficult to Authenticate: Cast bars do not have the same unique design and texture as minted bars, making them more difficult to authenticate and verify their authenticity. Fakes are known to be readily available in th market.
  • Limited Variety: Cast bars are typically only available in a few sizes, which may limit the options for investors.

Fake Valcambi Cast Bars

China have been selling fake gold bars into the Hong Kong market for years and went unoticed when we checked the serial numbers of these bars and 2 were the same. It was only after contacting Valcambi and sending them the bars that they showed us hwere the actual differences were. If you would like to learn about that contact us through the website as its not puiblcally avaiable P.S. Chinese Gold Fake Bar manufacturers need not apply.

What was interseting about these fake bars was the fact it was 99.96 in purity when we used the Niton™ XL2 XRF Analyzer. So they are merely making gold bars in China to sell at a higher premium in the HK market.

Which One is the Better Investment?

When it comes to choosing between minted bars and cast bars, there is no clear winner. Both types of gold bars have their own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice ultimately depends on the individual investor’s preferences and investment goals.

If you are looking for a high-quality, easily verifiable, and widely available option, then minted bars may be the better choice for you. However, if you are looking for a more unique and affordable option, then cast bars may be the way to go.

It is also worth noting that the choice between minted bars and cast bars may also depend on the current market conditions. During times of high demand, minted bars may be more readily available, while during times of low demand, cast bars may be more easily accessible.


Gold bars are a popular investment option for those looking to diversify their portfolio and protect their wealth. Minted bars and cast bars are two of the most common types of gold bars available in the market, each with its own unique characteristics and advantages. While

both minted bars and cast bars are viable options, it ultimately comes down to personal preference and investment goals. Minted bars offer a more refined and polished appearance, making them ideal for those who value aesthetics. They also often come with an assay certificate, providing assurance of their authenticity and quality. On the other hand, cast bars are known for their lower premiums, making them an attractive option for those looking for a more cost-effective investment. Additionally, cast bars have a more rustic and rugged appearance, which may appeal to some investors.

Regardless of the type of gold bar chosen, it is essential to research and consider factors such as purity, brand reputation, and liquidity before making any investment decisions. It is also crucial to store gold bars in a secure and reputable vault to protect their value and ensure their long-term viability.

Overall, gold bars can be an excellent addition to any investment portfolio, providing a tangible and valuable asset that offers protection against economic uncertainty and inflation. By understanding the differences between minted bars and cast bars, investors can make informed decisions that align with their financial goals and risk tolerance levels.

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